sábado, 25 de abril de 2009

Leonardo / 10 best ideas

Leonardo Da Vinci's 10 Best Ideas

01 - Mirror Writing
Was it a ploy to thwart Renaissance copycats peeking at his notes, or just a way to avoid the inky mess of writing left-handed? Whatever his motives, Da Vinci sure liked mirror writing: most of his journals are scrawled in reverse.

02 - Scuba Gear
Da Vinci's fascination with the sea spurred many designs for aquatic exploration. His diving suit was made of leather, connected to a snorkel made of cane and a bell that floated at the surface. Proving the artist was also practical, the suit included a pouch the diver could urinate in.

03 - The Revolving Bridge
Always a fan of the quick getaway, Da Vinci thought his revolving bridge would be best used in warfare. The light yet sturdy materials, affixed to a rolling rope-and-pulley system, allowed an army to pick up and go at a moment's notice.

04 - The Winged Glider
Da Vinci's imagination was filled to capacity with ideas for flying machines, including several gliders equipped with flappable wings. This open-shelled model, fitted with seats and gears for the pilot, did not include a design for a crash helmet.

05 - The Triple-Barreled Cannon
More thinker than fighter, Da Vinci's distaste for conflict didn't stop him from dreaming up designs for more efficient cannons like this one. His jacked-up triple-barrel would have been a deadly weapon on the battlefield, fast and light with lots of extra fire power.

06 - The Aerial Screw
Modern scientists agree it may never have lifted off the ground, but Da Vinci's "helicopter" design is still one of his most famous. The curious contraption was meant to be operated by a four-man team and could have been inspired by a windmill toy popular in Leonardo's time.

07 - The Ideal City
Living in a Milan wrought with plague, Da Vinci envisioned a more efficient city he'd be proud to call home. His architectural draughts are highly detailed and even include horse stables with fresh air vents. To the bewilderment of modern Milanese, he did not make room for a soccer stadium.

08 - The Self-Propelled Car
It's no Ferrari, but Da Vinci's designs for a self-propelled vehicle were revolutionary for his day. His wooden "car" moved by the interaction of springs with geared wheels. Scientists at one museum in Florence built a replica in 2004 and found it worked as Da Vinci intended.

09 - Geologic Time
Plate tectonics? No sweat. While most of his contemporaries explained inland, mountain-top mollusk fossils as leftovers from the Great Flood, Da Vinci thought otherwise. He supposed (right) that the mountains must once have been coastline before many years of gradually shifting upwards.

10 - The Vitruvian Man
Da Vinci modeled his perfect human form after the proportions laid out by Vitruvius, an ancient Roman architect. The angry-looking man drawn by Da Vinci has reason to smile - he's now considered one of the most recognizable figures on earth.

Libraries / Enciclopedias / The 10 best

World Digital Library Home - [ Traducir esta página ]
The World Digital Library will make available on the Internet, free of charge and in multilingual format, significant primary materials from cultures around ...
Mostrar mapa de 10 W Lea Blvd, Wilmington, DE 19802, USA

YouTube - World Digital Library
Related Videos. World Digital Library Promo Video · Added. 2:59. World Digital Library Promo Video. 4641 views ... home gurl lost it part 2. 720526 views ...www.youtube.com/watch?v=bj5bBv-mpKk - 86k - En caché - Páginas similares

YouTube - Europeana
3 min - 11 Mar 2008 -
Archives, audio-visual collections, museums, libraries are working together to connect 2000 years of European images, objects, text, ...www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwHVie7GpNw

Europeana - Homepage - [ Traducir esta página ]
Multi-lingual online collection of millions of digitized items from European museums, libraries, archives and multi-media collections, with procedures for ...www.europeana.eu/ - 14k - En caché - Páginas similares

Wikimedia Commons - [ Traducir esta página ]
1 Apr 2009 ... Meta-Wiki - Coordination, Wikipedia - Encyclopedia, Wiktionary - Dictionary. Wikibooks - Textbooks, Wikisource - Sources ...commons.wikimedia.org/ - 67k - En caché - Páginas similares

Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Autodefinida como un esfuerzo colaborativo por crear una enciclopedia gratis, libre y accesible por todos. Permite revisar, escribir y solicitar artículos.es.wikipedia.org/ - 63k - En caché - Páginas similares

Category:YouTube - Wikimedia Commons - [ Traducir esta página ]
2 Aug 2008 ... From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository ... Retrieved from "http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:YouTube" ...commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:YouTube - 30k - En caché - Páginas similares

Google Maps ahora con fotos y Wikipedia - FayerWayer
Esto ya existía desde hace varios meses en http://www.sindicacionenmapas.com con artículos de Wikipedia, fotos de Wikimedia Commons, Youtube, ...www.fayerwayer.com/2008/05/google-maps-ahora-con-fotos-y-wikipedia/ - 98k - En caché - Páginas similares

Images - Creative Commons - [ Traducir esta página ]
Flickr is a new photo management application that lets you annotate photos, share them with friends and family, and now, apply Creative Commons licenses to ...creativecommons.org/image - 14k - En caché - Páginas similares

Flickr: Creative Commons - [ Traducir esta página ]
24 Apr 2009 ... 8674468 photos (See more). Creative Commons Trademark. "Creative Commons is a non-profit that ... Add a Creative Commons license to your photostream . ...www.flickr.com/creativecommons/ - 32k - En caché - Páginas similares

Internet Public Library: Newspapers - [ Traducir esta página ]
IPL Newspapers Collection. Online newspapers from around the world. ... The Internet Public Library is a public library for the world wide web. ...www.ipl.org/div/news/ - 36k - En caché - Páginas similares

Wireless internet / 10 facts about

Wireless internet / 10 facts about

Libraries / Ancient / 10 best

The great libraries of the ancient world
served as archives for empires, sanctuaries for sacred writings, and depositories of literature and chronicles.
01 - The libraries of Ugarit (in modern Syria), c. 1200 BC, include diplomatic archives, literary works and the earliest privately-owned libraries yet recovered.
02 - The Library of Ashurbanipal, 7th century BC, in Nineveh (near modern Mosul, Iraq), Considered to be "the first systematically collected library", it was rediscovered in the 19th century. While the library had been destroyed, many fragments of the ancient cuneiform tablets survived, and have been reconstructed. Large portions of the Epic of Gilgamesh were among the many finds.
03 - The Library of Alexandria, fl. 3rd century BC(ca, 295 BC). The date of its destruction is uncertain, but it supposedly housed one of the largest collections in the classical world..
04 - The Library of Pergamum at Pergamum (in what is now Turkey), also in the 3rd century BC, the Attalid kings formed the second best Hellenistic library after Alexandria, founded in emulation of the Ptolemies. When the Ptolemies stopped exporting papyrus, partly because of competitors and partly because of shortages, the Pergamenes invented a new substance to use in codices, called pergamum or parchment after the city. This was made of fine calfskin, a predecessor of vellum and paper.
05 - Libraries of the Forum, consisted of separate libraries founded in the time of Augustus near the Roman Forum that contained both Greek and Latin texts, separately housed, as was the conventional practice. There were libraries in the Porticus Octaviae near the Theatre of Marcellus, in the temple of Apollo Palatinus, and in the Biblioteca Ulpiana in the Forum of Trajan.
06 - Private libraries of Ancient Rome were also considerable: Roman aristocracy saw the library as a point of prestige and many of these were transferred to the monasteries of the medieval years.
07 - The Villa of the Papyri, in Herculaneum, Italy— The only library known to have survived from classical antiquity, this villa's large private collection may have once belonged to Julius Caesar's father-in-law, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus in the 1st century BC. Buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius that destroyed the town in 79 AD, it was rediscovered in 1752, around 1800 carbonized scrolls were found in the villa's top story. Using modern techniques such as multi-spectral imaging, previously illegible or invisible sections on scrolls that have been unrolled are now being deciphered. It is possible that more scrolls remain to be found in the lower, unexcavated levels of the villa.
08 - Caesarea Maritima, a late 3rd century AD establishment located in present-day Israel, had a great early Christian library. Through Origen of Alexandria and the scholarly priest Pamphilus of Caesarea, the theological school of Caesarea won a reputation for having the most extensive ecclesiastical library of the time, containing more than 30,000 manuscripts: Gregory of Nazianzus, Basil the Great, Jerome and others came to study there.
09 - The great seats of learning in ancient India, namely Takshasila, Nalanda, Vikramshila, Kanchipuram and other universities, also maintained vast libraries of palm leaf manuscripts on various subjects, ranging from theology to astronomy.
10 - The House of Wisdom at the Academy of Gundishapur in Baghdad, established during the Persian Sassanid Empire in the 3rd through 6th centuries AD; destroyed with the fall of the empire in 651.

The Library of Constantinople, founded in 330 CE, was largely destroyed or burned by the Fourth Crusade.

Library of Celsus was a library of antiquity located in the ancient city of Ephesus, western Anatolia.

Bamboo huts / 10 facts about

Official Websites / 10 best

Harry Potter - The Official Site - [ Traducir esta página ]
The Official Harry Potter Website offers content, games and activities which seamlessly extend the magical world of Harry Potter beyond the big screen.harrypotter.warnerbros.com/ - 24k - En caché - Páginas similares

Tony Bennett - Official iLike Page - free music, pictures, videos - [ Traducir esta página ]
The music of Tony Bennett is as relevant now as it was when he first was starting out over ... Official website · Tony Bennett on Facebook; Myspace page ...www.ilike.com/artist/Tony+Bennett - 73k - En caché - Páginas similares

World Chess Champion Alexandra Kosteniuk Official Site - [ Traducir esta página ]
History, information, photos, games, on-line training, shop, and poems.www.kosteniuk.com/ - 47k - En caché - Páginas similares

Anna Netrebko - [ Traducir esta página ]
Learn about Anna’s official partnerships. ANNANETREBKO.COM is brought to you by Lenny’s Studio. All rights controlled by Fintage Talent Anna Netrebko is ...
Schedule - Recordings - NEWS - Multimediawww.annanetrebko.com/ - 13k - En caché - Páginas similares

Maria Sharapova Official Site - [ Traducir esta página ]
The official site with photos, videos, results, biographical information, articles and interviews.www.mariasharapova.com/ - 20k - En caché - Páginas similares

JAMES BOND 007 MAGAZINE - FOR BOND LOVERS ONLY! - [ Traducir esta página ]
Welcome to the official website of 007 MAGAZINE, the world's foremost publication on the James Bond phenomenon since 1979. The 007 MAGAZINE website is a ...www.007magazine.co.uk/ - 63k - En caché - Páginas similares

The Official Muhammad Ali Website – Muhammad Ali Enterprises LLCA - [ Traducir esta página ]
Official site for "The Greatest" includes news, photos, bio, interactive timeline and newsletter signup.www.ali.com/ - 30k - En caché - Páginas similares

Pelé / Edson Arantes do Nascimento, Biography - 360 Soccer - [ Traducir esta página ]
Sorry, we are not officially associated with Pelé, this isn't his offical web site nor will any email reach Pelé. TodoFut.com - The #1 Gear Source for World ...www.360soccer.com/pele/pelebio.html - 19k - En caché - Páginas similares

Don Quijote de la Mancha
Sitio oficial de la serie de dibujos animados con juegos, sopas de letras, los personajes, los refranes de Sancho, el Siglo del Quijote, postales para ...www.quixote.tv/ - 54k - En caché - Páginas similares

Rutas Turisticas , Ruta Don Quijote : IV centenario de El Quijote:
Portal oficial del cuarto centenario de el Quijote. El año 2005 se celebrará el IV centenario de la primera edición de la obra de Miguel de Cervantes, ...www.donquijotedelamancha2005.com/ruta.php - 19k - En caché - Páginas similares

viernes, 24 de abril de 2009

Flamenco / 10 facts about

01 -
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03 -
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is a Spanish term that refers both to a musical genre, known for its intricate rapid passages, and a dance genre characterized by its audible footwork. The origins of the term are unclear. The word Flamenco, which applies to the song, the dance and the guitar, did not come into use until the 19th century.
Flamenco embodies a complex musical and cultural tradition. Although considered part of the culture of Spain in general, flamenco actually originates from one region: Andalusia. However, other areas, mainly Extremadura and Murcia, have contributed to the development of several flamenco musical forms, and a great number of renowned flamenco artists have been born in other territories of the state. It is generally acknowledged that flamenco grew out of the unique interplay of native Arabic, Andalusian, Sephardic, and Gypsy cultures that existed in Andalusia prior to and after the Reconquest. Latin American and especially Cuban influences have also been important in shaping the rumba flamenco form. Flamenco is the music of the gypsies and played in their social community. Non-gypsy Andalusian people who grew up around gypsies and the life were also accepted as "flamencos" (Paco de Lucia).

Flamenco / 10 facts about

Le flamenco (cante flamenco)
est un art créé par le peuple gitan et andalou, sur la base d'un folklore populaire issu des diverses cultures qui s'épanouirent au long des siècles en Espagne.
À l'origine le flamenco consistait en un simple chant (cante) a cappella dont le premier genre fut la toná, établie dans le triangle formé par Triana, Jerez et Cadix.
Puis sont apparus les claquement des mains (palmas), la danse (el baile) et la guitare (toque). La danse et la guitare s'expriment désormais souvent seules, bien que le chant soit toujours considéré comme le cœur de la tradition.
Plus récemment, des instruments comme le cajón (un instrument de percussion provenant du Pérou), les palillos (castagnettes), et la guitare basse, ont été introduits dans le milieu.



Websites for news / 10 best


BBC NEWS News Front Page - [ Traducir esta página ]
Get the latest BBC World news: international news, features and analysis from Africa, Americas, South Asia, Asia-Pacific, Europe and the Middle East.news.bbc.co.uk/ - 81k - En caché - Páginas similares

Newstin - Organizing the News - [ Traducir esta página ]
Newstin.com is organizing the world's news. We are the first news site that allows you to read and comment on news from around the world, regardless of the ...www.newstin.com/ - 57k - En caché - Páginas similares

RIA Novosti
25 Abr 2009 ... Noticias publicadas por la prensa rusa. Relaciones bilaterales y análisis.sp.rian.ru/ - 53k - hace 4 horas - En caché - Páginas similares

The Big Picture - Boston.com - [ Traducir esta página ]
The Big Picture - News Stories in Photographs from the Boston Globe.
www.boston.com/bigpicture/ - 55k - En caché - Páginas similares

ELPAÍS.com: el periódico global de noticias en español
25 Abr 2009 ... Noticias de última hora y en español sobre la actualidad nacional, ... Braulio Rodríguez, nuevo arzobispo de Toledo y primado de España, ...
España - Edición Global - Economía - Deporteswww.elpais.com/ - 158k - hace 8 minutos - En caché - Páginas similares

Home Deutsche Welle - [ Traducir esta página ]
Deutsche Welle: Home, DW-WORLD.DE: German and European news, analysis and multimedia from Deutsche Welle - in 30 languages.
Learning German - English - Video on Demand - Germanywww.dw-world.de/ - 33k - En caché - Páginas similares

The Christian Science Monitor csmonitor.com - [ Traducir esta página ]
The Christian Science Monitor - an independent daily newspaper providing context and clarity on national and international news, peoples and cultures, ...www.csmonitor.com/ - 109k - En caché - Páginas similares

Gobierno Federal Presidencia de la República México
24 Abr 2009 ... Información oficial sobre las actividades, discursos, mensajes y acciones del Presidente de la República Mexicana.www.presidencia.gob.mx/ - 56k - En caché - Páginas similares

O Globo: Notícias online dos jornais O Globo, Extra e Diário de S ... - [ Traducir esta página ]
25 Abr 2009 ... Filme que repete casal de 'O casamento grego' estreia no Brasil ... “ O que precisa é baixar as tarifas dentro do Brasil também. ...oglobo.globo.com/ - 85k - hace 5 minutos - En caché - Páginas similares

Submarines / transportation


Orientation / Creativity /

This assignement must be searched at Wikipedia.
Groups in, malaysia/Sch ABC / Teacher, Miss HL

The school of Athens / 10 facts about

jueves, 23 de abril de 2009

Deserts / 10 facts about

Figure skating / 10 facts about

Marco Polo / 10 facts about

Socrates / 10 facts about

SOCRATES (469-399 B.C.)
Socrates was born in 469 or 470 B.C. in Alopeke, a village (deme) under the jurisdiction of Athens.

He was the son of Sophroniscus and Phainarete. Sophroniscus was a stonemason and Socrates may have also trained as a stonemason.
His circumstances, it seems, were reasonably prosperous -- he was a hoplite, or heavy infantryman, in the army and had to supply his own weapons and armor.
Socrates married Xanthippe later in his life, and had three sons. The oldest of them, Lamprocles, was eighteen years old at the time of Socrates's death.

Habits and Appearance
Socrates had no regular occupation and was by poor by choice, always wearing the same thin cloak and walking barefoot in all weathers. He was considered to be extremely ugly, with bulging eyes and a snub nose. He was normally to be found in the agora, the square or marketplace that formed the civic center of Athens.

Military Experience
Socrates fought bravely in at least three campaigns in the Peloponnesian War -- at Potidaea (432 B.C. -- aged 37), at Delium (424 B.C. -- aged 45) and at Amphipolis (422 B.C. -- aged 47)

miércoles, 22 de abril de 2009

Martin Luther King Jr / 10 facts about

Venecia / 10 facts about

Dinosaurs / 10 facts about

El Dino eslabon perdido

MENDOZA, Argentina, Sud America.- Los restos de un dinosaurio carnívoro de 10 metros de largo, hallados a lo largo de las márgenes del río Colorado, en Malargüe, podría ser el "eslabón perdido" entre los pájaros y los grandes saurios carnívoros.
La valiosa información que muestra el proceso evolutivo que desembocó en el inusual sistema respiratorio de los pájaros se obtuvo del cráneo de un dinosaurio de 85 millones de años de antigüedad y el peso de un elefante, luego de más de una década de estudios paleontológicos en los Estados Unidos.
Científicos de las universidades de Chicago y de San Juan definieron ayer al Aerosteon riocoloradensis ( que significa "Huesos del aire del río Colorado" ), que de este espécimen se trata, como el "eslabón perdido" en la cadena evolutiva entre esas dos especies.
Los restos fueron encontrados hace 12 años en el paraje Cañadón Amarillo, a unos 500 kilómetros al sur de Mendoza, Argentina, donde se preserva un área muy rica en fósiles de la fauna prehistórica.

Museums / Europe / 10 best

10 Museums not to Miss in Europe

Europe is known as the center of art and architecture and is also home to several of the world’s greatest masterpieces. It would be a great shame if you miss out on these priceless works of art while you’re there.
Europe is simply oozing with history and culture. You can feel the richness just by walking around the streets. But to really appreciate the wonder of Europe, you have to enter the museums. You don’t have to worry about entering in your rugged attire. Most museums don’t have a dress code. You may want to check your backpack in though. Can’t risk it knocking down an ancient vase, can we?

There are several museums in Europe. Some are large and some are small. It would be impossible to visit each and every one so, to narrow down your list; here are the top picks (in no particular order).

The Louvre Museum
The Musée du Louvre, once a royal palace now probably the biggest and most famous museum in the world can be found in heart of Paris, France. This magnificent structure houses equally magnificent sculptures, paintings and artifacts. Its more famous denizens include The Winged Victory of Samothrace, Venus de Milo, and the lady with the mysterious smile, Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa.

Musée d'Orsay
Just across the river Seine is the Musée d'Orsay, a former train station that has long been converted into a museum of French art. Built in 1900 by Victor Laloux, the building (once called Gare d’Orsay), was once the first electric rail terminal in the world. In 1978, the building was declared as a historical monument, and in 1986, it was opened as a museum. Today, it houses French art: from paintings, sculptures, and furniture pieces from 1848 to 1914; and impressionist work from artists such as Renoir, Manet, Monet, Degas and Cézanne.

Château de Versailles
While you’re in France, you might as well visit the home of France’s Sun King (Louis XIV), the grandiose Château de Versailles. Versailles is divided into four segments: Le Château; Trianon; Le Parc; and En Ville. Today, what was once the home of France’s royalty is now the resting place of some of their furniture pieces such as Marie Antoinette’s armchair, her vases, Louis XV’s roll-top desk, and the royal carriage used by Charles I during his coronation.

The Vatican Museums
Splendid masterpieces including Raphael’s Transfiguration, Caravaggio’s Deposition, and the breath-taking fresco of Michelangelo which adorns the ceiling of the Sestina’s Chapel can be seen here. While you’re at the world’s smallest city-state in the heart of Rome, you might as well enter the Saint Peter’s Basilica, the home of massive sculptures including the visually moving Pieta.

The Uffizi Galleries
After absorbing the wonders of Rome, drop by the quiet city of Florence and enter the Uffizi Galleries. Though small compared to the other European museums, what it lacks in size, it makes up for in its contents. This modest structure has several rooms that contain the fabulous works of noted artists, such as Botticelli, Raphael, Michelangelo and Leondardo da Vinci.
Accademia GallerySince you’re in Florence, might as well drop by the Accademia Gallery. If the Uffizi contains paintings, the Accademia houses sculptures. If you’ve seen the Pieta, and the paintings at Sestina’s Chapel, you might as well see the statue of the 10-foot high marble statue called David. This marvelous sculpture is the main attraction of this museum.

Museo del Prado
Located in Madrid is the Museo del Prado, a treasure that is, unfortunately, not as popular as the Louvre and the Vatican Museum. This museum houses the painting of Spanish artists from Velasquez to Goya and El Greco. Because the Museo del Prado is not as popular as its French and Roman counterparts, visitors can go around without having to deal with annoying crowds or long queues.

The Deutsches Museum
If you’re more interested in modern inventions of man, then the Deutsches Museum in Munich is for you. This museum is the home of the greatest technological inventions known to man. There are fleets of the Mercedes Benzes, historic aircrafts, lab benches, and all sorts of equipment and machines that has changed the course of mankind.
The British MuseumWay out in London is the British Museum. This controversial museum houses everything from the Elgin Marbles and vases from Greece, the Rosetta stone, and artifacts of Assyrian Palaces, to Egyptian mummies. Unlike the other museums, entrance to the British Museum is free of charge.

Van Gogh Museum
The Van Gogh museum in Amsterdam is home to a vast collection of Vincent van Gogh’s works. By going the paintings, you’ll be able to see and compare his works at all the stages of his life. Aside from his works, the museum also houses paintings of other artists of the 19th century.
Other museums worth visiting in Europe include the National Gallery and Westminster Abbey in London, the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam and St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice.

World Digital Library / 21 April 2k9

La Biblioteca Digital Mundial, online el 21 de abril
España colaborará con Reino Unido para desarrollar aplicaciones educativas
El fondo editorial de la Universidad de Salamanca, en Google Books
Europeana, de nuevo online
La biblioteca digital Europeana se colapsa el día de su lanzamiento-
E N L A C E S D I R E C T O S,
World Digital Library / http://www.wdl.org/es/
UE Europeana / http://europa.eu/

lunes, 20 de abril de 2009

Banco de Imágenes Gratuitas

Banco de imágenes GRATUITAS

The 10 best official sites of celebrities

01 - ONE
The official authorized Website of Plácido Domingo
Spanish tenor, conductor and administrator. Official site includes biography, discography, upcoming dates, sound clips, photo album, and press service.www.placidodomingo.com/ - 3k
OPERALIA Official Website
PlacidoDomingo * BEIJING 2008 * Olympic Games

02 - TWO
Anna Netrebko * Russia * Opera
Anna Netrebko - Wikipedia
Anna Netrebko - Opera Chic
Anna Netrebko * Musician Guide
Deusche Grammophone
Danza Ballet Com

03 - Three
The Ten Tenors * Australia * Opera
The Ten Tenors Official Site
The Ten Tenors * Wikipedia
The Ten Tenors * Star Pulse Com

04 - Four
Bond Quartet * Australia - Classical/Pop
Bond Quartet Official Site Net
Bond Quartet Wikipedia Org

05 - Five
Michael Bubble * Canada * Pop
Michael Bubble Official Site
Michael Bubble Last FM
Michael Bubble Wikipedia

06 - Six
Andrea Bocceli

07 - Seven
Anna Caterina Antonacci

08 - Eight
Alexandra Kosteniuk * Russia * Chess
Modelo y Campeona de Ajedrez
Alexandra Kosteniuk Official Site
Alexandra Kosteniuk Chess Killer tips
Alexandra Kosteniuk Wikipedia

09 - Nine
Adela Golac * Croatia * Opera
Croatian National Theater in Zagreb

10 - Ten * Italy * Opera
Luciano Pavarotti * Italia
Luciano Pavarotti Official Site

Rome / 10 facts about ancient

The 10 best sites for Music with capital ''M''!

01 - http://operachic.typepad.com/
02 - http://www.lastfm.es/
03 - http://www.cultura10.com/youtube-opera/
04 - http://delvalle.laussy.org/elena/blog/2009/la-opera-en-youtube/
05 - http://www.nytimes.com/2006/11/16/arts/16tube.html
06 -http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/n/anna_netrebko/index.html?8qa&scp=1-spot&sq=anna+netrebko&st=nyt
07 - http://rapidlibrary.com/index.php?q=adela+golac
08 - http://www.hnk.hr/en/opera/mirjana

Get fun everyone - See you later, alligator. After while, crocodile!

Apes - men?

How much distance is there between an ape and a man?
How much according to Charles Darwin?

domingo, 19 de abril de 2009

Darwin / 10 facts about

Entries from June 2008
June 30, 1817 (a Monday)

Joseph Hooker (seated, far left) and on the ground next to him, Asa Gray 2 of the first 3 men to whom Darwin revealed his theory of evolution by natural selection (July, 1877 U.S.)

Official websites Pop / 10 best

The Official Earth, Wind & Fire Website - [ Traducir esta página ]
Official site created by veteran member Ralph Johnson. History, discography, upcoming concert appearances, and Real Audio.www.earthwindandfire.com/ - 13k - En caché - Páginas similares

Barry Manilow Official UK Website - [ Traducir esta página ]
Barry Manilow Official UK Fan Club Website. Barry Manilow Concerts, CD's, DVD's, Music. Barry Manilow News, Events and Updates.www.manilowuk.com/ - 21k - En caché - Páginas similares

The Beatles - [ Traducir esta página ]
The official website of The Beatles. Includes historical information, interactive features, merchandise and the latest news.www.thebeatles.com/ - 10k - En caché - Páginas similares

PAUL McCARTNEY.COM . HOME - [ Traducir esta página ]
Meyesight is your site... Go to Meyesight. What is Meyesight? ... Log in and chat with other Macca fans on the Official Paul McCartney Message Board. ...www.paulmccartney.com/ - 35k - En caché - Páginas similares

Encantadora • Salma Hayek at www.Salma-Hayek.net - [ Traducir esta página ]
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Lucy / 10 facts about

Ten facts you didn'tknow about...

Según la teoría de la evolución, formulada por el científico inglés Charles Darwin, naturalista británico, autor del libro “Origen de las especies”, escrito en 1859, todas las especies, incluido el hombre, han sufrido transformaciones, desde su forma original, cuando aparecieron por primera vez sobre la Tierra.

Hace aproximadamente tres mil millones de años, el planeta refugió a la vida en su seno.
A partir de allí, algunas especies se extinguieron, y otras lograron adaptarse al medio para lograr sobrevivir, éstas son las especies más aptas. A esto lo denominó selección natural. Los primates, mamíferos dotados de cinco dedos en las manos y los pies, con un pulgar oponible y un cerebro desarrollado, surgieron hace setenta millones de años. Del tronco común de los primates, surgieron dos ramas: la de los grandes simios, como el gorila, el chimpancé y el orangután y la de los homínidos.
De la evolución de esta última especie, es producto el ser humano actual. Los primeros homínidos, datan de hace casi cuatro millones de años, y pueden situarse, en el sur y en el este de África, donde aparecieron los Australopithecus (“monos del sur”) con una antigüedad de cuatro millones de años.

“Lucy in the sky with diamonds”
El más antiguo esqueleto de Austrolopithecus, pertenece a una mujer y fue hallado en Etiopía. Fue llamada Lucy por los arqueólogos que en ese momento escuchaban una canción de los Beatles, “Lucy in the sky with diamonds”. Algunos de ellos evolucionaron dando nacimiento a los Homo habilis, hace 2 millones de años, que significa “hombre habilidoso”. De estos hombres, se hallaron fósiles en la garganta de Olduvai, junto con los primeros utensillos. En ese momento debieron adoptar la posición erguida, porque la variación de las condiciones climáticas, que habían hecho crecer los pastizales, los obligaron a pararse sobre sus dos pies y elevarse, para divisar la presencia de animales hostiles por encima de la espesa vegetación, y al tener las manos libres, pudieron tomar con ellas los objetos, para defensa o alimento.

El tamaño de su cerebro era mayor que el de los Austrolopithecus, pero más pequeño que el del humano actual. Era de estatura pequeña, con brazos largos, y dos dedos curvados, lo que hace suponer que trepaba, tal vez para refugiarse de animales feroces, como el smilodon, un felino con dientes de sable, de 15 cm. de longitud.
Los Homo habilis crearon herramientas de piedra, que usaban para hacer hoyos en la tierra, romper los huesos o la carne de los animales, pero no para cazar. Su alimentación era omnívora, consumiendo semillas, raíces, insectos y despojos de animales.
Al crear elementos de defensa, sus dientes dejaron de cumplir esa función, la mandíbula se contrajo, los dientes perdieron fuerza, y el cráneo comenzó a alojar a un cerebro cada vez más complejo, que les permitió transformar a los elementos de la naturaleza, convirtiéndolos en recursos, comenzando poco a poco a articular un lenguaje que les permitió la comunicación y la integración social.
El Homo erectus, “hombre que se mantiene de pie”, también es originario de África, pero desde allí se trasladó a Asia y Europa.
Fue cazador, al lograr dotar a las piedras de filo, talladas en ambas caras, por eso se llamaron bifaciales, haciendo hachas de mano como herramienta de caza, picos y hendidores. Descubrió el fuego, seguramente por los incendios producidos por los rayos o erupciones volcánicas, sobre las ramas de los árboles. Luego él mismo lo produjo, frotando piedras o maderas. En las cuevas de Zhoukoudian, en China, se han hallado piedras y huesos quemados, espesas capas de ceniza y carbón, lo que prueba que hace quinientos mil años, ya se usaba el fuego, seguramente para cocinar y ahuyentar a las fieras.
El cráneo del Homo erectus era alargado, con espesas cejas, un cerebro más grande que el de sus predecesores, de mayor altura, piernas largas y gran musculatura.
En reemplazo del Homo erectus, surgió el Homo sapiens (“hombre racional”), hace alrededor de ciento cincuenta mil años, época de glaciaciones, en Europa, Asia y África. Un representante de este grupo, es el hombre de Neanderthal, nombre que proviene del lugar donde fueron hallados, en un valle de Alemania, en el año 1856.
Eran especialmente cazadores de grandes animales como el mamut, el bisonte, el oso y el rinoceronte, lo que lograron al trabajar la piedra con mayor especialización. Del pedernal, extraído de las rocas, tallaban agudas lascas, o sea finas capas de piedra filosas, para usarlas como utensilios o armas.
Con estos hombres se comenzó a rendir culto a los muertos (en ocasiones dejaban junto a la tumba, carne cocinada) y surgió la magia. Brindaban asistencia a sus enfermos y ancianos, tal como lo demuestra el hallazgo de un hombre de Neanderthal que sobrevivió con la cuenca del ojo y un brazo aplastados, merced a la ayuda de sus compañeros de grupo.
Eran fuertes y musculosos y habitaban en cuevas, Se supone que ya usaban algún tipo de lenguaje.
El hombre actual, denominado Homo sapiens sapiens, surgió hace aproximadamente treinta y cinco mil años.

Ancient places

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